[8] Creative Computing said in December 1984 that the IIe and IIc were the best home computers with prices above $500, with the IIe better for those wanting expansion cards, color graphics, and educational and entertainment software. The Print Shop, originally released in 1984 by Brøderbund, is one of the most popular Apple II titles of all time: a desktop publishing program that provides libraries of clip art and templates to allow users to create their own signs, cards, banners and letterheads. In the first one, Garfield gives you a word, and you have to find other words that rhyme with it. Screen These revisions are detailed below. ProDOS became the Apple II DOS of choice; AppleWorks and other newer programs required it. [citation needed] Third-party sound cards greatly improved audio capabilities, allowing simple music synthesis and text-to-speech functions. An equivalent of the "PAL color card" for the earlier Apple II Europlus model was integrated into the motherboard of these IIes, so that color graphics are available without the addition of a slot card. S-C Macro Assembler v1.0 (1982)(S-C Software). Apple had neglected to obtain exclusive rights to the Applesoft dialect of BASIC from Microsoft; VTech was the first cloner to license it. [10] The last II-series Apple in production, the IIe card for Macintoshes, was discontinued on October 15, 1993. A smaller Apple logo badge remained, which was moved to the right side of the case. There were only two clones of the Apple IIe, since it used custom IC chips that could not be copied, and therefore had to be reversed-engineered and developed in the country. In addition to supporting Double-High-Resolution and a rarely used Double-Low-Resolution mode (see specifications above) it also added a special video signal accessible in slot 7. Contents: Getting Started with your Apple II, Apple II Integer BASIC, Apple II Firmware, Apple II Hardware. Developed by people at the Bank Street College of Education in New York City, it was quite popular in the education market over the next several years as it was initially designed for use in schools. This hybrid platinum model is somewhat rare. Early on, diskette manufacturers routinely warned that this technique would damage the read/write head of the drives or wear out the disk faster, and these warnings were frequently repeated in magazines of the day. The Apple IIc Plus ceased production in 1990, with its two-year production run being the shortest of all the Apple II computers. It is often considered the application that turned the microcomputer from a hobby for computer enthusiasts into a serious business tool, and is considered the Apple II's killer app. screen... Because of these artifacts, a '2 color' bitmap will show colors [citation needed], An Australian-produced clone of the Apple II was the Medfly, named after the Mediterranean fruit fly that attacks apples. Initially available for DOS 3.3, it eventually supported ProDOS and was updated for 65C02 and 65816 processors. Let's look at the program which does the same (computes the sum of … An alternative at the time, which some users chose as a cost-cutting measure, was to simply purchase their own 65C02 CPU and create (unlicensed and illegal) duplicates of the updated ROMs using re-rewritable EPROM chips. At the time of the Apple IIe's introduction, and well into the first few months of production, this motherboard shipped with all units. [52], Although not technically a clone, Quadram produced an add-in ISA card, called the Quadlink, that provided hardware emulation of an Apple II+ for the IBM PC. Screen Rocky's Boots is an educational logic puzzle game by Warren Robinett and Leslie Grimm, published by The Learning Company in 1982. Apple Mechanic's features and functions range from hi-res animation to decorative title pages to computer music. The other noticeable change is a new keyboard, with more professional-looking print on darker keycaps (small black lettering, versus large white print). In order to access the local character set and keyboard layout, a user-accessible switch is found on the underside of the keyboard — flipping it will instantly switch the video output and keyboard input from the US character set to the local set. Easy-to-use editing features allow teachers to adapt games to meet specific needs. There is still a small annual convention, KansasFest, dedicated to the platform. SAVE name: Saves the current program as 'name' on disk. Apple II Programmer's Reference Here's a brief list of Applesoft, Integer Basic, DOS 3.3, and ProDOS commands ... Activates integer basic and clears any program currently in memory. Pattern Maker (1984)(Scarborough Systems)[cr Atlantic Pirates Guild - 1200 Club], Decouvrir Apple Logo (1983)(Apple)(fr)[PASCAL]. The machine came standard with 64 KB RAM, with the equivalent of a built-in Apple Language Card in its circuitry, and had a new special "Auxiliary slot" (replacing slot 0, though electronically mapped to slot 3 for compatibility with earlier third-party 80-column cards) for adding more memory via bank-switching RAM cards. It is completely identical to the previous machine except for 4 chips changed on the motherboard (and a small "Enhanced" or "65C02" sticker placed over the keyboard power indicator). System Rather than cutout V-shaped slot openings as in the Apple II and II Plus, the IIe has a variety of different-sized openings, with thumb-screw holes, to accommodate mounting interface cards with DB-xx and DE-xx connectors (removable plastic covers filled the cutouts if not used). Despite the hardware changes, the IIe maintains a high degree of backwards compatibility with the previous models, allowing most hardware and software from those systems to be used. It re-used the original Apple IIe case mold and keyboard, however both redyed in the platinum color scheme—including metal ID badges which were recolored from dark brown to platinum, blending them into the case lid. All machines in the Apple II series had a built-in keyboard, with the exception of the IIgs which had a separate keyboard. Unlike the IIe IIc and IIGS, the IIc Plus came only in one version (American) and was not officially sold anywhere outside the US. All Apple II's include a "monitor" program in ROM. It introduced a palette of 4096 colors and new graphics modes with resolutions of 320×200 and 640×400.[32]. There were plug-in expansion cards – such as the Z-80 SoftCard[16] – that permitted the Apple to use the Z80 processor and run a multitude of programs developed under the CP/M operating system,[16] including the dBase II database and the WordStar word processor. The Apple IIc was the first Apple II to use the 65C02 low-power variant of the 6502 processor, and featured a built-in 5.25-inch floppy drive and 128 KB RAM, with a built-in disk controller that could control external drives, composite video (NTSC or PAL), serial interfaces for modem and printer, and a port usable by either a joystick or mouse. At the time of the Apple IIe's introduction, and well into the first few months of production, this motherboard shipped with all units. The Apple IIe Card is thought of as an Apple II compatibility solution or emulator rather than as an extension of the Apple II line. Except for improved graphics and disk-booting support in the ROM, and the removal of the 2k 6502 assembler/disassembler to make room for the floating point BASIC, the II+ was otherwise identical to the original II. Gone were the recessed metal ID badges (showing the Apple logo and name, with "//e" beside it) replaced with a simpler "Apple IIe" silk screened on the case lid in the Apple Garamond font. In addition, an active retrocomputing community of vintage Apple II collectors and users, continue to restore, maintain and develop hardware and software for daily use of these original computers. The Apple II was targeted for the masses rather than just hobbyists and engineers, and influenced many of the microcomputers that followed it. Additionally, the sticker over the keyboard power indicator was labeled "65C02" rather than "Enhanced". [49] Software using the BIOS worked correctly on both the Apple and ITT, but software written to access the Apple's display hardware directly, bypassing the BIOS, displayed with vertical stripes on the ITT 2020.