Many considered her to be an important deity in Roman mythology, even though she never took a high position among Roman deities. Flora was the goddess of blossoming, spring and renewal. Flora was married to Favonius who is also known as the god of the wind Zephyr. Flora was one of the oldest Roman deities and she was usually painted in art and literature as a young maiden with flowers in her hair. Flora is one of the primal Earth Goddesses. On the sixth day of the festival, special games were held that were called Ludi Florales. The name Flōra descends from Proto-Italic *flōsā ('goddess of flowers'), itself a derivation from Proto-Italic *flōs ('flower'; cf. Festival in the honor of flora is still held today by some cultures, and her meaning to today’s culture and art is extraordinary. Flora announced the beginning of warmer weather and period when people should prepare for the springtime work. The building of the temple brought a lot of success to the crops and farmers of that time. Statues devoted to this Roman goddess can be found across Rome but also in the rest of Europe. Every natural event that couldn’t be explained became the work of gods and goddesses that ruled Rome at that time. On this episode I'll be painting on large canvases and creating my own interpretations of the Roman goddesses of Flora and Fauna! Temples devoted to Flora can be found across Rome. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime,[2] as did her role as goddess of youth. She will forever remain to be the goddess of celebrating life and enjoying the hard work you have put into making something happen.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'dreamingandsleeping_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_15',128,'0','0'])); (function() { The meaning behind this six day festival wasn’t only to please the goddess, this was also the time when people finally behaved freely and did whatever they wanted. Flora and Fauna are words that are commonly used today. There are also Henry Parcel’s Nymphs and Shepherds, where one of the characters was goddess Flora. rcel.async = true; var s = d.createElement('script'); s.type='text/javascript';s.async=true; There aren’t many stories linked to Flora and her role mostly evolved around helping the Roman citizens. Her role was to protect people and to protect the most important thing they had in that time and that was food. in Capitoline Museums in Rome (Italy), in Valencia (Spain) and Szczecin (Poland) (see Statue of Flora in Szczecin). The term Fauna refers to the Latin and refers to the god Faun, who can be considered as the god of fertility and earth. Because of her ability to renew things that were old, she became the goddess of fertility as well, because childbirth represented the renewal of life. Ballet devoted to Flora was called The Awakening of Flora. During that time, many different games and theatrical performances were held that celebrated the goddess. In Sibylline books, which represent oracles written by Sybil of Cumae, it was strongly advised to the emperors to build a temple in the honor of Flora and even seven more temples across Rome. Flora as a Roman goddess reached her development especially in the Renaissance period when many painters and artists found inspiration in Flora as the goddess of flowers and spring. She was a nymph. Flora (Latin: Flōra) is a Roman goddess of flowers and of the season of spring – a symbol for nature and flowers (especially the may-flower). Flora achieved more prominence in the neo-pagan revival of Antiquity among Renaissance humanists than she had ever enjoyed in ancient Rome. })(document); Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Flora was the goddess of spring and fertility and even though she wasn’t as big of a deity as others she definitely preserved her role over centuries. cb: (new Date()).getTime() Even though he was the highest deity, other gods and goddesses were equally and sometimes even more worshipped than him. Fauna was the goddess of animals and together they represented nature in general, the animal and the plant world. He was the god of destruction and his main ability was the ability to kill crops and make them whiter. Flora is the main character of the ballet The Awakening of Flora. var params = The theme Flora can be divided into three subcategories, namely native flora, horticultural and agricultural flora and weed flora. Her name is related to the latin word Floris, which means a flower. Flora’s Greek equivalent was Chloris. At one point the entire festival was stopped because of the reckless behavior of people during this period. Flora was the goddess of spring and flowers, but other attributes were given to her as time passed on. Her biggest opponent was the Roman deity Robigus. This was supposedly going to bring good luck to romans and make their crops grow bigger and stronger. Celebrating Flora represented celebrating life in general and all the beauty in it. Every day was special and unique and people strictly followed the tradition behind this festival. She is also mentioned in Henry Purcell's Nymphs and Shepherds. [citation needed]. Flora was goddess of flowering or blossoming plants, particularly of wheat and other crops. Her twin sister was Fauna. Ancient mythology was based on stories that were created by the human imagination. The priest was chaired by Numa Pompilius and when we take all things into consideration, Flora was still one of the minor Roman deities. Festival was also celebrated with the tradition of killing small animals, which shows the link between Flora and her sister Fauna. Latin flōs, flōris 'blossom, flower'). Spring, of course, is Her season, and She has elements of a Love-Goddess, with its attendant attributes of fertility, sex, and blossoming. Besides that, Flora as a goddess was inspiration for many artists and their works. Flora and Fauna Goddess Painting Demo by Leilani Joy - YouTube The divine intervention was the easiest way to explain everything that happened at that time, and just like today, people believed in gods and respected them. Offerings to the goddess were symbolical, but they were also a chance to celebrate hard work and dedication people put into making all of that happen. Flora (Latin: Flōra) is a Roman goddess of flowers and of the season of spring[1] – a symbol for nature and flowers (especially the may-flower). Flora was the Roman goddess of blossoming, spring and fertility. Bright colors and flowers everywhere were an especially beautiful scene, and this is why the goddess Flora is one of the most beloved Roman deities. At the festival, with the men decked in flowers, and the women wearing normally forbidden gay costumes, five days of farces and mimes were enacted – ithyphallic,[6] and including nudity when called for[7] – followed by a sixth day of the hunting of goats and hares. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime, as did her role as goddess of youth. Titius Tatius, Roman Emperor at that time, built a shrine and a temple in the honor of Flora. Fauna was the Roman goddess of prophetic goddess of animals, wildlife, fertility and spring. s.src = p + "://" There are the ones in Capitoline Museums and also one in Szczecin in Poland. [8] On May 23 another (rose) festival was held in her honor.[5]. Celebration of Flora was known for a very loose behavior of people and also a lot of songs and dance that didn’t always end up well. Her name, Flora, survives in the botanical term for the plant life in a particular region. Even though Roman mythology represented a combination of Greek and Etruscan mythology, it still had some unique features that separate this mythology from the ones that were used as her basis. Her twin sister was Fauna. [5] The festival was first instituted in 240 B.C.E, and on the advice of the Sibylline books, she was also given a temple in 238 B.C.E. d.getElementById("contentad633564").appendChild(s); Flora was the twin sister to Fauna, the goddess of animals and wildlife and was originally was called Sabine. People praised Flora and brought her victims regularly, mainly because she was the goddess of fertility and flowers, and crops in that period represented survival and continuing of life.