Minimum merchantable height for lumber and veneer Black Walnut trees is eight to 10 feet. In organized walnut orchards in US, harvesting is made via big shaking tractors that attach to the trees and shake the branches, so that the fruits can fall to the ground, where they are collected and sorted. Get in touch with your service forester or private forestry consultant. A grower has to be patient and of course proactive to carry the costs of the first years without expecting remarkable income, if none of the previous apply (cereals intercropping, tree thinning etc.). About 8-10 years after the orchard settlement, the trees can normally produce nuts and some years later the farmer can start removing great branches or whole trees and sell them again as wood. 5.) English and Black walnut trees are often included in lists with the top 5 or 10 most profitable plants to grow. Merchantable height is usually the trunk height to major branches or forking. Fill several large self-sealing plastic bags with nuts, peat and potting mix leaving just a little room at the top. Dense tree stands encourage trees to grow faster and straighter as well. Consequently, location is maybe the most important parameter when growing walnut trees for profit. They put off a poison called juglone that will kill other plants. To start the process, clean and soak the nuts for 24 hours. During the first years after the orchard establishment, the farmer can have an income from cereals or other crops that are often cultivated between walnut trees. Black walnuts grow best in thick, well-drained soil. There should be enough room for people to walk under the tree. This will soften and loosen the husks from their nuts enough to be easily pulled apart by hand. Some cookies will only be used when you use certain features on the site, and some cookies will always be used. There three ways to collect walnuts; pick them up off the ground in the fall, shake nuts loose using a telescopic branch holder or climb the tree and shake individual branches by hand. Prune your black walnut tree at three years of age and every year after that in the spring. Set aside in a cool place – do not let them dry out unless you are cracking the nuts to eat. We use these cookies to track our sites and plugins performances across the globe. Black walnut trees are, however, toxic to some species of plants if growing within a certain range of the tree. You can submit a new article, edit an existing article or just enjoy free access to hundreds of contemporary farming guides. Once approved, it will be added to and it will influence positively thousands of new and experienced farmers across the world. Cut back any broken or dead branches and any branches that are overreaching or growing vertically. The price per log triples from saw log to veneer. There three ways to collect walnuts; pick them up off the ground in the fall, shake nuts loose using a telescopic branch holder or climb the tree and shake individual branches by hand. What Are The Most Profitable Lavender Varieties? By Mark Mikolas Place the seed in the hole and cover. Cookies assist the website in remembering information about your visit, such as your unique browser session and settings. Black walnuts grow best in full sun with little to no surrounding plants for competition. Third party vendors, including Google, use cookies to serve ads based on a user’s prior visits to our website or other websites. Over 100′ for a mature tree, and they can branch to 50′ diameter. Seal the bag and gently shake until nuts and soil are thoroughly mixed. Understand the effort involved, and the risks to your garden. In many cases, a typical black walnut farmer can have various sources of income as the walnut trees mature. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Quality lumber and veneer trees will have merchantable heights that are several times this height. The tree thrives in certain climate conditions and types of soil, and deviating significantly from these requirements will cost the grower in terms of production. Secondly, walnut trees do not produce a very good yield of nuts until the 25th or 30th year, even with high quality management from experienced growers. Flowering dogwood. Black walnut trees do best growing in deep, fertile, moist yet well-drained soil with texture ranging from sandy loam, loam, and silt loam to silty clay loam. Veneer grade trees will be 21 inches in diameter. Prune all but the strongest leader. Collect the fruit from the ground. A crowded nut bag will rot the nuts. If you are planting black walnut trees the traditional way, then stringing a line between two stakes hammered into the ground will provide a guide to plant trees in a straight line. All the content you add will be soon reviewed by our agronomists. Log in, Earn Extra Cash Growing Trees in Your Backyard, How to Make $40,000 (Or More) Growing Potted Trees, 9 Tips For Selling Your Crops At Farmer’s Markets, Top 14 FAQs About Growing Gourmet Garlic For Profit, Top 10 FAQs About Growing Bamboo For Profit, Eight Proven Ways To Profit Growing Garlic, 4 Ways To Pick A Good Name For Your Profitable Plant Business. Planting Black Walnut Trees In the long run, if you hold on to your land, planting a grove of black walnut trees can give you and your family shade, nut crops, and valuable timber. Keep in mind that only selected categories of plants can be cultivated between walnut trees, as the latter produce substances that are toxic to many plants (tomato, potato, alfalfa, blueberry and many more). They are hardy to USDA zones four through nine and many varieties are available for planting in a home garden. Persistent cookies remain in your browser’s subfolders until they expire or you delete your cookies. They grow naturally in the Eastern United States but can be grown throughout the Midwest and up through Canada. Growing a walnut tree from a cutting is a reliable method of creating saplings from a healthy parent plant. Add one cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer to the base of the black walnut tree early each spring starting the year after the tree is planted. Walnut wood is expensive; generally the highest priced domestic hardwood. She has been writing professionally since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing and Mac computers. Analytics may either be first or third party cookies. Temperate trees like black walnut, require stratification in order to germinate in the spring. Use a shovel to dig small holes about 5 inches deep every 15 to 20 feet along the line. Clear grained knot free veneer quality White Pine saw logs are almost as valuable as Black Walnut clearwood. Heritage fruit trees. Vigorously spraying the husk soaked nuts with a garden hose will separate the nuts from the husks. On the other hand, Walnut trees with numerous defects are of little economic value. Copyright © 2017 – 2020 Wikifarmer, All Rights Reserved. Space each tree about fifty to seventy five feet from each other to allow ample growing room. Cookies can either be session cookies or persistent cookies. Each cookie uses serves a variety of purposes, including: Authentication – uses cookies to recognize you if you are logged into service, so that we can personalize your experience. Prune your black walnut tree at three years of age and every year after that in the spring. Bonsai trees. Harvest your black walnuts after they fall off of the tree, usually in late summer and early fall. The length of tree trunk that can be used for lumber or veneer is called its merchantable height. Consider planting black walnut trees if you live in USDA hardiness zones 5a through 9a with at least 25 inches (63.5 cm.) Depending on how many tree seedlings are planted, the auger can be hand held or PTO driven. Black walnut trees are native to North America. Although native to Eastern North America, this tree may also be grown in microclimates around the world.