Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Shrubs are also known as hedges, bushes, and woody plants. They often form the largest part of modern gardens, because their cultivation requires less labour…, Production of ornamental shrubs is the backbone of the nursery trade in Europe and the United States. When much-branched and dense, it may be called a bush. PLANTOPEDIA: Browse flowering plants by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family or Origin. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. In this drought-prone land, soils are often shallow, even saline. A shrub is a plant which dominates the shrubland landscape and is similar to a tree in that it is characterized by its woody appearance. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Low growing and low maintenance, this evergreen shrub grows to around 15cm tall and can spread indefinitely. For instance, an apple fennel shrub can be paired with a shot of bourbon and a splash of ginger beer. Some specimens of a plant species may take a tree form, whereas others, under different conditions, may assume a shrub or arborescent form—e.g., sumacs, willows, and spruces. In this drought-prone land, soils are often shallow, even saline. Shrub, any woody plant that has several stems, none dominant, and is usually less than 3 m (10 feet) tall. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant. It is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 20 feet (6 m) tall. A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant. Small, low shrubs, generally less than 6.6 feet (2 m) tall, such as lavender, periwinkle, and most small garden varieties of roses, are often termed subshrubs. With this in mind, they are great for ground cover. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. When much-branched and dense, it may be called a bush. During the aging process, … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or a garden is known as a shrubbery. All rights reserved. The nursery business is about equally divided between the production of (1) coniferous evergreens such as yew, juniper, spruce, and pine; (2) broad-leaved evergreens such as rhododendron,…. It is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 20 feet (6 m) tall. When clipped as topiary, suitable species or varieties of shrubs develop dense foliage and many small leafy branches growing close together. A sort of fourth ingredient is time, as shrub reaches its peak flavor after 2 weeks of aging. Intermediate between shrubs and trees are arborescences, or treelike shrubs, from 3 to 6 m tall. Black Friday Sale! Shrubs are an excellent way to add a new zing to cocktails and they're quite versatile. Shrub, any woody plant that has several stems, none dominant, and is usually less than 3 m (10 feet) tall. Likewise, a cranberry-fig shrub is excellent with an aged rum, ruby port, and ginger beer or ginger ale. According to renowned British garden designer David Domoney, a shrub is defined as a woody plant that is smaller than a tree and generally has a rounded shape. One type of shrub is a fruit liqueur that was popular in 17th and 18th century England, typically made with rum or brandy, and mixed with sugar and the juice or rinds of citrus fruit. Trees are generally defined as woody Omissions? Trees are generally defined as woody plants more than 6 m tall, having a dominant stem, or trunk, and a definite crown shape. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? In terms of mixed drinks, shrub is the name of two different, but related, acidulated beverages. Many shrubs respond well to renewal pruning, in which hard cutting back to a "stool" results in long new stems known as "canes." Shrub is made with 3 basic ingredients: produce, sugar, and vinegar. Corrections? The rounded leathery leaves turn from green to red in winter and are fragrant when crushed. This article was most recently revised and updated by, shrub - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Shrubs in common garden practice are generally considered broad-leaved plants, though some smaller conifers such as mountain pine and common juniper are also shrubby in structure.